# Knowles Lecture

## James K. Knowles Lectures and Caltech Solid Mechanics Symposium

#### Friday, March 6, 2020

135 Gates•Thomas, Jim & Sandy Hall Auditorium

The 11th annual James K. Knowles Lectures and Caltech Solid Mechanics Symposium will be held on Friday, March 6, 2020, in the Jim & Sandy Hall Auditorium in Gates•Thomas. The James K. Knowles Lecture will be followed by the Solid Mechanics Symposium with presentations by current Caltech graduate students and postdocs.

The Lectures and Symposium are in memory of James K. Knowles, William J. Keenan, Jr. Professor of Applied Mechanics, Emeritus, who passed away on November 1, 2009. He is well known for his research contributions to the theory of nonlinear elasticity and the mathematical theories of materials and structures. Dr. Knowles inspired and influenced generations of students and scholars and authored over one hundred journal publications, as well as a textbook for graduate students entitled *Linear Vector Spaces and Cartesian Tensors* (Oxford University Press).

The Lectures and Symposium will be held annually and are made possible by the Division of Engineering and Applied Science and the support of family, friends and colleagues through donations to the James K. Knowles Memorial Fund.

## James K. Knowles Lecture

**Alan Needleman,** **TEES Eminent Research Professor, Texas A&M University**

### Energy Dissipation Rate for Eshelby Transformations and Mesoscale Modeling of Shear Transformation (STZ) Plasticity

For solids undergoing inelastic deformation via the evolution of some defect structure, a portion of the mechanical energy expended in deforming the solid is associated with a change in the defect structure and is stored in the body, while the remainder is dissipated. Knowledge of the dissipation associated with inelastic deformation is needed for prediction of a variety of phenomena, such as the thermal softening behavior that promotes mechanical instabilities. A mesoscale framework, analogous to that for discrete dislocation plasticity, has been developed for modeling the deformation of amorphous metals deforming by the Shear Transformation (STZ) mechanism. The shear transformation zones are modeled as Eshelby inclusions and superposition is used to represent a quasi-static boundary value problem solution. In carrying out calculations using this framework, in some cases we found that the calculated dissipation rate was negative, which violates the Clausius-Duhem inequality (the second law of thermodynamics). To understand why a negative dissipation rate occurred in the numerical calculations, a general analysis of dissipation and dissipation rate in Eshelby transformations was undertaken. The analysis showed that there is a maximum value of transformation strain magnitude for an Eshelby inclusion that gives non-negative dissipation rate. The condition for non-negative dissipation rate can be expressed as the product of a configurational force, analogous to the Peach-Koehler force for dislocations and the J-integral for cracks, times the transformation strain rate. The resulting expression suggests a form of kinetic relation for Eshelby transformations that can guarantee a non-negative dissipation rate. Such a kinetic relation has been implemented in the mesoscale modeling framework for deformation of metallic glasses by the STZ mechanism. Results of such calculations will be presented.

**Alan Needleman** received his B.S. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1966 and finished his Ph.D. at Harvard University in 1970. He then spent five years in Applied Mathematics at MIT before moving to Brown University where he served as Dean of the Engineering from 1988 to 1991 and became Florence Pirce Grant University Professor in 1996. He retired from Brown in 2009 and moved to the Materials Science and Engineering Department at the University of North Texas. In 2013 he was a member of the initial class of Hagler Institute Fellows at Texas A&M University and joined the Texas A&M University faculty in 2015, where he is now a University Distinguished Professor and a TEES Eminent Research Professor in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. Professor Needleman is a Member of the US National Academy of Engineering and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is an Honorary Member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). He was awarded the Prager Medal by the Society of Engineering Science, and the Drucker and Timoshenko Medals by ASME. He also holds honorary doctorates from the Technical University of Denmark and Ecole Normale Superior de Cachan (France), and is an Honorary Professor of Dalian University of Technology (China).

### Event Program

Time | Speaker | Title |
---|---|---|

9:00–10:00am | Alan Needleman, Plenary Speaker | Energy Dissipation Rate for Eshelby Transformations and Mesoscale Modeling of Shear Transformation (STZ) Plasticity |

10:00-10:30am | Coffee Break | |

10:30–10:50am | Fabien Royer | Stability Landscapes of Thin-Shell Metastructures Under Bending |

10:50-11:10am | Kirsti Pajunen | Dynamics of Tensegrity-Inspired Structures |

11:10–11:30am | John Harmon | Modeling Breakage in Granular Materials |

11:30–11:50am | Stacy Larochelle | Numerical Modeling of Fluid-Induced Slip on a Rate-and-State Fault Motivated by a Field Experiment |

11:50–1:30pm | Lunch | |

1:30–1:50pm | Joaquin Garcia Suarez | Bounding forces on underground structures using the J-integral |

1:50–2:10pm | Yifan Wang | Reconfigurable Textiles with Controllable Stiffness |

2:10–2:30pm | Bryce Edwards | Mechanical Characterization of Benzene Crystals at Cryogenic Temperatures |

2:30–2:50pm | Manav | Molecular Dynamics Study of Exceptional Impact Resistance of Polyurea |

2:50–3:20pm | Coffee Break | |

3:20–3:40pm | Sai Sharan Injeti | Architected lattices with optimized elastic wave speeds |

3:40-4:00pm | Hao Zhou | Unusual behavior of liquid crystal elastomers |

4:00–4:20pm | Pond Sirorattanakul | Injecting fluids into laboratory scale earthquake faults |

4:20-4:40pm | Becky Roh | A Catalog Search Algorithm for Interpreting Complex Earthquake Sequences |