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Knowles Lecture

James K. Knowles Lectures and Caltech Solid Mechanics Symposium

Friday, January 25, 2013
Beckman Institute Auditorium

James K. Knowles

The 4th annual James K. Knowles Lecture and Caltech Solid Mechanics Symposium will be held on Friday, January 25, 2013, in the Beckman Institute Auditorium. The James K. Knowles Lecture by Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar, University of Texas at Austin, will be followed by the Solid Mechanics Symposium with presentations by current Caltech graduate students and postdocs.

The Lecture and Symposium are in memory of James K. Knowles, William J. Keenan, Jr. Professor of Applied Mechanics, Emeritus, who passed away on November 1, 2009. He is well known for his research contributions to the theory of nonlinear elasticity and the mathematical theories of materials and structures. Dr. Knowles inspired and influenced generations of students and scholars and authored over one hundred journal publications, as well as a textbook for graduate students entitled Linear Vector Spaces and Cartesian Tensors (Oxford University Press).

The Lecture and Symposium will be held annually and are made possible by the Division of Engineering and Applied Science and the support of family, friends and colleagues through donations to the James K. Knowles Memorial Fund.

James K. Knowles Lecture

Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar

Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar, Temple Foundation Professor, University of Texas at Austin

Some Experiments on Nonlinear Waves in Solids

Knowles was interested in the motion of shocks and phase boundaries in nonlinear materials such as shape memory alloys and rubbers. A crucial issue in these problems is the idea of a kinetic relation that connects the "driving force" and the speed of the discontinuity. In this presentation, I will explore this problem through a series of experiments in a few different systems — stretching of rubbers, elastomers, and shape memory alloys, and compression of foams. We perform specially designed experiments, with appropriate diagnostic tools to obtain spatio-temporally resolved strains and particle velocities, and explore the formation and propagation of shocks and phase boundaries. We also exploit the hysteretic response of rubbers to form shocks upon unloading from a highly stretched state. These experiments show that shocks are difficult to generate in rubbers and elastomers under tension, but are easily generated upon unloading. Metallic low-density foams provide another type of specimen for examination of compression shocks. Interpretation of these experiments also shows that the dynamic behavior of these materials differs significantly from the quasi-static behavior, leading to the need for inverse methods for identification of the material response.

Krishnaswamy Ravi-Chandar holds the Temple Foundation Professorship in the Department of Aerospace Engineering and Engineering Mechanics at the University of Texas at Austin. Prior to this he was on the faculty at the University of Houston for 17 years. He received his PhD, in Aeronautics from the California Institute of Technology in 1982. His research focuses on the identification of constitutive and failure behavior of materials including fracture, fragmentation, strain localization and dynamic stability, ductile failure, nonlinear waves, multiscale experimental mechanics, mechanics of polymers. He is a fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, American Academy of Mechanics, the Society for Experimental Mechanics and the International Congress on Fracture. He was awarded the Murray Medal by the Society for Experimental Mechanics in June 2004. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Fracture.

Event Program

Time Speaker Title
9:00–10:00am Krishnaswamy Ravi-ChandarUniversity of Texas at Austin Some Experiments on Nonlinear Waves in Solids
10:00–10:15am Refreshments—Beckman Institute Courtyard
10:15–10:40am Carly DonahuePostdoc Nonlinear Acoustic Lenses
10:45–11:10am Keith PattersonGrad Student Lightweight Deformable Mirrors
11:15–11:40am Namiko YamamotoPostdoc Bimetalics for Low CTE Applications
11:45–12:10pm Surendra Nadh SomalaGrad Student Remote Seismic Imaging of Dynamic Shear Cracks with Dense Sensor Networks
12:15–1:15pm Lunch—Beckman Institute Courtyard
1:15–1:40pm Nisha MohanGrad Student Exploring Uniaxial Tensile Deformation of Compressible Solids with an N-type Constitutive Law
1:45–2:10pm Stan WojnarGrad Student Achieving Extreme Mechanical Properties by Making Positive Use of Instability
2:15–2:40pm Seok-Woo LeePostdoc Temperature Effects on the Indentation Size Effect
2:45–3:00pm Refreshments—Beckman Institute Courtyard
3:00–3:25pm Victoria StolyarGrad Student Measurement of Strength at High Pressures Using Oblique Shock Waves
3:30–3:55pm Keng-Wit LimGrad Student Discrete Element Simulations for Granular Materials
4:00–4:25pm Bharat PenmechaGrad Student Edge Cracks Due to a Phase Transformation
4:30–4:55pm Landry Fokoua DjodomGrad Student Optimal Scaling Laws in Ductile Fracture
5:00–5:30pm Vahe GabuchianGrad Student Interaction of Sub-Rayleigh and Super-Shear Ruptures with a Free Surface:Experimental Study with Applications to Thrust Fault Rupture Dynamics
5:30–6:30pm Social—Beckman Institute Courtyard